Saturday, 22 April 2017

Lost Figures: A Look at Some Truly Amazing Philosophers

Peter SInger wrote about animals and their rights. I cats are more my thing than dogs, but I definitely understand how Singer says that dogs and cats and other animals have rights. You  see it in their eyes s (this ismy own inspired bv Singerian philosophy. It is not the idea of the man himself.)

C.I. Lewis, not David Lewis, also did very interesting modal logic.

I was reading about the modal systems S1, S2, S4 all that, and then I was thinking Who is this?. C.I. Lewis created all these modal logic systems. Ironically it was another Lewis, David Lewis, who came on to the scene with modal realism.

I had a plan to ask a well known for comment on this But I have been told I have to keep it a secret. It's a really interesting set of facts and knowledge, and I am beginning to understand their poin of view. I want to authorize a volume published by Jonothan Bennete, Crispin Wright and L.A. paul.

Creams. There are different creams. Cream of chicken, ice cream, cream cakes, sour cream. I have distinguished only a few here. I could in principle go on and on. Creams are not inherently limited to a particular number of fixed creams.

Also working on modality, modal realism has given rise to many lost figures in analytic philosophy. I am waiting to see the future.

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Sunday, 16 April 2017

Sellars Myth of the Given (top ideas and tools in philosophy)

If I had to name one tool or idea in analytical philosophy to write about today, I would have to say, hands down, it is due to Sellars. The Myth of The Given earned Sellars a stellar place in the pantheon of technical analytic philosophy. And with the new conceptual tools of Frege-Russell logic and those after it (Jaako Hintikka comes to mind), we are in an unparalleled age. When you think about it, that's pretty exciting. Some of my top 20 ideas in philosophy include:

- Sellars myth of the given.
- Rorty's irony and truth theory.
- Wittgenstein's tool analogy, parallelled in Heidegger amazingly
- Husserlian phenomenology.

With these tools, I home to make a difference in my, and other people's, lives.

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Sunday, 26 March 2017

John Rawls - Philosopher of Justice (1935 - 2007)

John Rawls had a passion for justice that we cannot comprehend. Born in Ohio in 1935, he grew up pondering how to improve humanity. As a boy of eight, he helped his grandmother and parents to resolve some of their disputes.

What, then, was this philosophy of his, which we continue to discuss to this day? John Rawls created nothing less than a new theory of justice. In early articles he wrote about fairness and how to reach equilibrium with the people around you. Everyone liked this work, and encouraged him to do procure more. They were not disappointed - Except RM Hare was unimpressed and famously created a scathing review about him; Rawls produced a 600 page magnum opus called A Theory of Justice. While long and difficult, many people agree that this work is a landmark in social and political philosophy. Will it make us more just? I do not know the answer to this question. Only time will tell.

Here's to you, Rawls.

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Friday, 17 February 2017

Pilos Profiles "Back to School" Edition #1: The Existentialists

Previous Pilos profiles:
WVO Quine
Betrand Russell - Founding Giant of Analytic Philosophy
David K Lewis
William James: Father of Pragmatism

Welcome to another fantastic philosophical profile! Hat tip to Noah G for provoking me on this one and providing the new idea to characterize schools rather than just individual greats. The great school we will look at today is an intriguing European phenomenon which crossed the pond and then the entire world. That's right, I'm talking about existentialism. Many people find it esoteric or old fashioned, but in times like these we all come flooding back to this sort of philosophy in droves, so let's see how we might understand it, beginning with this profile!

The history is a complicated phenomenon. Around the turn of the century, many philosophers were reading Nietzsche and saying to themselves 'What is it all about?'. For a long time people found this a difficult problem, indeed ever since Nietzsche said the God is dead. But only later did it fully creep up how difficult, indeed, possible unsoluble, this question was. Cut to a new era. It is the 20's and 30;s, inflation is high and there are problems in the economy. A world war has ravaged the population. This time set the scene for one of the most interesting philosophies I have ever seen: existentialism.

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(Existentialists at the turn of the century. An interesting bunch of guys - and let's face it, it was mostly guys.)

The brain child of Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus and Karl Jaspers, existentialism was an exciting hybrid of modernism, a reaction to German idealism, and mystical ideas from earlier days. How do you make meaning in a world where there is no purpose or no God? You have to do it yourself, or no one will do it at all. There is a kind of special feeling you get when you think about the world in this way. Things aren't here for this or for that, they just are, and by God - or rather by ourselves! - we're going to learn to live with it, indeed love it! This is existentialism in a nutshell. It is an interesting misconception you hear over the years, that existentialism is all doom and gloom. But actually it has the power to be a very happy, liberating idea, if you can just have an open mind and embrace it carefully.

The movement was now in full swing. Thinkers everywhere were talking about how we just exist, and we can only make our own meanings (if at all). It was a very interesting moment in the history of thought but now we had to live with it. This could prove difficult, like when Jean-Paul Sartre made a visit to america in 1940. People flocked to see him and ask him questions and they wanted him to have a good time. He refused, smoking a cigarrette. We had so much to learn.

I think it's safe to say the "heyday" of existentialism was over soon after that. But as I said, the movement is showing signs of returning now that we have modern technology and a whole new raft of problems. Maybe this exotic, forbidding old European philosophy has a bit of life left in it yes!

Is Existenialism true? Is it here to stay? Let us know in the comments.

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